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Intellectuals and the State in Iran: Politics, Discourse, and the Dilemma of Authenticity

روشنفکران و دولت در ایران: سیاست، گفتار و تنگنای اصالت

Roshan-fekran va Dolat dar Iran: Siyasat, Goftar va Tangna-ye Esalat
Negin Nabavi
Hasan Fesharaki
Text Language: 
1 vol
Publication Year: 
Total Pages: 
Size (cm): 
14.5 X 21.5
21.5 × 14.5 × 1.5 cm
Dewey Class: 
Subject Tags: 
Political Movement

Available format(s)

(SKU: BPS389681)

In the aftermath of the Iranian Revolution of 1979, secularist intellectuals became a much-forgotten group. As the new revolutionary elite consolidated, secularists were marginalized, stigmatized, and accused of being "Westoxicated" and of "propagating Western values." And yet, Nabavi shows for the first time, the secularists played an important role in enabling the revolution to take the shape that it did in 1978-79. The revolution that brought Ayatollah Khomeini into power was as much the revolution of the secularists as it was of Islamist forces.

Drawing on Iranian intellectual periodicals and journals and focusing on a wide range of liberal, left-leaning writers and essayists--many of whom have never been translated, let alone written about--Nabavi re-creates the changing mood within secular intellectual circles in the decades that preceded the revolution. She provides an account of the intellectuals' trajectory from the old days of their membership in the Communist Tudeh Party in the early 1940s, when there was a party line, to the days when they became confused and constrained about what they could do and say. She discusses their changing perception of what it was to be an intellectual together with their shifting view of religion and Islam in particular, which came to find increasing expression among secular circles in the 1970s, as one of the most forceful components of the idea of "authentic culture."

کتاب روشنفکران و دولت، روایت تغییری مهم و اساسی است در اندیشه‌ی روشنفکران ایران در فاصله‌ی سال‌های دهه‌ی ۱۳۲۰ تا سال‌هایی که به انقلاب ۱۳۵۷ انجامید. اینکه کدام عوامل در این تغییر مؤثر بوده‌اند، چگونگی این تغییر و نتایج آن بر فضای فکری و سیاسی کشور در این کتاب با رجوع به نوشته‌هایی بررسی شده است که در سال‌های اخیر کمتر مورد توجه تاریخ‌نگاران قرار گرفته‌اند. حاصل کار تصویری است که هم از پویایی و تغییرپذیری تفکر روشنفکری ایران در این سه دهه حکایت می‌کند و هم از وجود جریانی قوی در طیف روشنفکری ایران که ابعاد آن را نمی‌توان آنچنان که معمول است فقط با مطالعه‌ی آراء و عقاید تعداد معدودی از روشنفکران که در زمره‌ی مشهورترین‌ها به شمار می‌آیند به درستی دریافت.