Ethnical Identity and Options for Making Peoples Feel a Stronger Sense of Belonging to National Community
Abstract: Since the early establishment of national governments m l71 h Century, on the basis of the internationally accepted perceptions and doctrines that resulted from the failure of the Church on the social scene, as well as the prevalence of political rationality, the issue of ethnical identities, as distinct from that of national identities has invariably been, under consideration as a challenge to national government. In addition to considering the internationally accepted perceptions and definitions presented about ethnical identity, this article begins to make a comparison between the native concept of ethnical identity with that of national identity (with regard to the importance attached to the element of religion) and their role in the 'national unity' of Iran. Then, considering the ethnical variety in the Iranian national community, it proposes the issue of Islamic Unity according to Islamic standards. The author believes that national and religious identity in Iran has been an outcome of a collective effort on the part of all human groups in Iran, being not comparable with the internationally accepted definition. Last but not the least, the element of religion from among all these, has more noticeability, hence the arrival of the Revolution in 1357, with it's religious nature, has contributed to the convergence of human, specially ethnical groups into the national community. Accordingly, to strengthen, and make peoples feel a stronger sense of belonging to the Iranian national community, this article concludes with presenting theoretical and practical alternatives.
Keywords: Ethnical Identity; National Identity; National Unity; Islamic Unity; Islamic Revolution; Options for Creating UnityLanguage: Persian
Total Pages: 21